COAL MINING PROPERTIES
INVESTORS NEEDED IMMEDIATELY!!!!!!!!!
ARE CURRENTLY LOOKING FOR INVESTORS FROM ALL AROUND THE WORLD, THAT IS INTERESTED IN THE COAL
INDUSTRY. OUR HIGHLY EXPERIENCED MANAGEMENT TEAM CURRENTLY HAS NUMEROUS
OPPORTUNITIES IN THE COAL INDUSTRY. WE HAVE NON PERMITTED COAL RESERVES
FOR SALE OR LEASE(STEAM COAL, BLUE GEM, METALLURGICAL AND COKING COAL), PERMITTED COAL RESERVES FOR SALE OR LEASE(STEAM COAL, BLUE GEM, METALLURGICAL AND COKING COAL),
OPERATING COAL MINES FOR SALE, COAL WASHING FACILITIES FOR SALE, COAL
TRANSPORTATION COMPANY INVESTING. PLEASE CONTACT ME IF YOU HAVE ANY
INTEREST IN THIS MATTER.
We currently have Coal Property for Sale, Coal Permits for Sale, Coal Leases for Sale, Coal Mines for Sale, Coal Reserves for Sale? As coal demands keep growing, many companies proved coal as the best investment opportunity of today. Coal is the world’s fastest growing fossil fuel (for the 8th year now) and likely will be for the next 10-20 years at least. COALSALESONLINE.COM provides consulting services to buyers and sellers of coal properties and reserves. Whether you are looking to invest in mines that are active or permitted, or simply in the market of investing to acquire reserves, COALSALESONLINE.COM can locate properties that fit your specifications. If you are a mine or land owner and you would like to sell your coal or find a buyer for your coal operation or reserves, please contact us.
BUYING A COAL MINING PERMIT FOR SALE
BUYING/LEASING THE MINERALS
No mining activity may occur without first obtaining a coal mining permit, a coal mining permit must be obtained from the Kentucky Department of Mines and Minerals Coal Division. A coal mining permit is issued when the mine operator submits an acceptable application and posts adequate bond to cover reclamation costs, should it be necessary for a third party to complete the reclamation process. The operator's coal mining permit application must include the requirements for legal and financial compliance, the safeguard of environmental resources, and an operation and reclamation plan. Before opening the mining site, the employees of the coal mining operation must be trained and certified in accordance with state and federal safety regulations. Mining practices, reclamation, and health and safety procedures are monitored on a regular basis by the Departments' Field Inspectors. This process usually takes about a year, and that’s why it is more to your advantage to buy a coal mining permit that is already in place and ready to mine. The way most of my clients have the coal mining permits for sale set up, is they have already have part of the coal mining property permitted for you, so you can start mining coal right away and make money, then in the mean time you start permitting the rest of the coal mining property for you to mine when you are done mining the part that you bought that was already permitted for you, that way you are not just waiting a year on the coal mining permit to come back, you are mining coal and making money while you are waiting on your next coal mining permit to be approved.
Coal is mined by using machines to remove the coal from the ground. There are two primary methods of mining coal, surface mining and underground mining. Surface mining is used when the coal is typically less than 200 feet below the surface. Heavy equipment is used to remove the top layers of soil and rock to expose the coal. The coal is excavated, and after the mining is complete, the soil and rock are returned to reclaim the coal mining property, and then can be used for other purposes,such as cropland, wildlife habitat, recreation, commercial, or industrial use. This method is used most frequently in the United States because much of the coal reserves are near the surface and it is less expensive than underground mining. There are over 1,000 surface mines and more than 1,000 underground mines in the United States.
Strip mining is accomplished by two techniques, area stripping and contour stripping. Where coal seams are relatively flat and near the surface. In area strip mining, overlying material is removed from the seams of coal in long, narrow bands, or strips, followed by removal of the exposed coal. With the exception of the first cut, overburden from each cut is discarded in the previous cut from which the coal has been removed. These parallel cuts continue across the coal seam until the thickness of the overburden becomes too great to be removed economically or until the end of the coal seam or coal mining property is reached. Both single and multiple seams, near the surface, can be mined in this manner. Overburden removal is usually accomplished in the United States with heavy equipment. Much of the overburden contains layers of shale, limestone, or sandstone and must be blasted before it can be removed. After the overburden is removed, coal is usually loaded into coal trucks with a front-end loader. Contour stripping is practiced on steep terrain mostly in the Appalachian Coal Region. The method consists of removing overburden from the coal with the first cut at or near the outcrop, and proceeding around the hillside. Overburden is stacked along the outer edge of the bench. After the uncovered bed is removed, usually two or three cuts are made until the depth of the overburden becomes too great for economical recovery of the coal. Contour mining creates a shelf or bench on the side of the hill. On the inside, it is bordered by the highwall, ranging in height from a few feet to more than 100 feet, and on the outer side, by a high ridge of spoil. Bulldozers and front-end loaders are often used for overburden removal at these operations.
In the eastern United States, auger mining is used on hillside terrain. It requires a surface cut to allow the auger access to the coal. It is also used to recover part of the coal left from underground mining. Auger mining is mostly used in conjunction with strip mining. Coal mining by the auger method entails boring horizontal or near-horizontal holes in an exposed face of the coal, and loading the coal removed by the auger. Single, dual, or triple auger heads can remove up to 90 inches of coal for a distance of over 200 feet. Augering is generally used to supplement recovery at contour or strip mines when the overburden becomes too great to be economically removed. It is also used where the terrain is too steep for overburden removal and where recovery by underground methods would be impractical or unsafe.
MOUNTAINTOP REMOVAL MINING
Mountaintop mining, often referred to as mountaintop mining/valley fills, is a form of surface mining that involves extreme topographic change to the summit or summit ridge of a mountain. It is most closely associated with coal mining in the Appalachian Mountains, located in the eastern United States. The process involves the removal of up to 1,000 vertical feet of overburden to expose underlying coal seams. The overburden is often scraped into the adjacent drainage valleys in what is called a valley fill. Because of its destructive nature, Mountaintop mining is controversial and is protested by environmentalists, local residents, and others. Controversy over the practice stems from both the extreme topographical and ecological changes that the mining site undergoes, as well as from the storage of waste material generated from the mining and processing of the coal.
Underground mining is more difficult and requires more miners, but much of our best coal is underground. Underground mining is used when the coal is buried several hundred feet below the surface or more. Some mines can extend to depths of more than 1,000 feet. Miners use heavy machinery to cut out the coal and rely on conveyor systems to transport the coal to the surface. Some underground mines require elevator shafts to move miners and coal to and from the surface. Mining has become much safer and more efficient over the years. In 1980 there were over 220,000 coal miners in the country. Today there are fewer than 100,000. But while 1980 production was about 800,000 tons, today we produce over 1 billion tons with fewer than half the number of miners.
THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF UNDERGROUND MINING
Access to coal deposits for underground mines is provided by DRIFT MINING which are cut horizontally into a hill. SLOPE MINING which are cut at an angle from the valley bottom into the hill where the coal is located. SHAFT MINING which are cut straight down deep into the surface by way of a vertical shaft with an elevator to reach the coal seam. In underground mining, after the initial development has gained access to the coal, one of three methods is commonly used to extract the coal. Room-and-pillar, longwall, or shortwall.
Room-and-pillar mining has been used in the United States longer than any other underground method. Mining is accomplished by driving entries off the panel entries. As mining advances, rooms are excavated in the coal seam, the mountain above the seam is supported by pillars of coal left in place. After a block panel or section has been mined, part of the coal in the pillars can be recovered as a retreat is made toward a main entry. Since about 1950, continuous mining using electric-powered machines to bore, dig, or rip the coal from the working face has largely replaced conventional mining, which involved undercutting, drilling, placing explosives, and blasting to extract the coal. Coal is either loaded directly into shuttle cars by the machine or in a separate operation. Continuous mining is interrupted by stops to support the roof, await shuttle cars, advance power and water supplies, and service the equipment.
Longwall mining is used most efficiently in uniform coal seams of medium height 40 to 60 inches. As in the room–and-pillar method, longwall mining starts with sets of entries cut into the panel areas. The difference in the technique lies in the distance between these sets of entries and the method used to extract intervening coal. Longwall blocks range from 300 to 600 feet wide and are sometimes a mile long. The longwall machine laterally shears or plows coal from the entire face, transports the fallen coal by an advancing conveyor to a secondary haulage conveyor, reverses direction at the end of a cut, and supports the roof in the area of the face by a self-advancing system of hydraulic jacks. Over 80% of the entire coal face can be removed with this method. The roof is allowed to cave behind the advancing work areas, the roof is occasionally blasted to ensure a controlled cave-in rate and to reduce overburden pressure on the coal being mined. The shortwall method of mining coal is best described as a method similar to longwall mining with two exceptions. The blocks of panels are smaller, usually ranging from 100 to 150 feet wide and 300 feet long and the coal is cut with a continuous miner and is loaded into shuttle cars.
RECLAIMED COAL PROPERTY
Coal mining creates valuable lands such as wildlife habitats, gently rolling mountaintops, wetlands, and industrial sites where only steep, unproductive hillsides had once existed. Mountaintop mining has created numerous sites for new schools, hospitals, shopping centers, parks, golf courses, housing, airports, industry, agriculture and timber. Mining operations have helped improve habitat for wildlife in Appalachia. The coal industry does an excellent job of reclamation. The people who work for coal companies live in the same area and have a great deal of pride in their company’s reclamation efforts. One of the favorite reclamation uses today, that has been strongly encouraged by fish and wildlife governmental agencies and environmental groups, is leaving the land in a condition that will enhance use by fish and wildlife. We’ve seen a resurgence of wildlife at reclaimed mine sites across the region because of leaving open spaces, trees and shrubs that provide nourishment for wildlife and ponds that contain water year round. There is more wildlife than ever, in part because of reclaimed coal lands. It was on reclaimed coal land that Kentucky’s elk restoration project released seven elk on December 18, 1997 at the Cyprus Amax Wildlife Management Area in Eastern Kentucky. This was the first of a series of releases that continued thru the winter of 2002. The Kentucky elk herd is estimated by Kentucky Fish and Wildlife personnel that the herd has grown to over 8,000. The population growth is well ahead of the original model. The elk releases were halted in 2002 and future releases will not be necessary. The reclaimed coal land have not only contributed to the remarkable population growth in the elk herd, but also account for the fact that the Kentucky elk are on average is 15% larger than elk found in western states. By July 2000, Kentucky had the largest free ranging, wild elk herd east of Montana. As a practical matter, this could not have occurred other than on a reclaimed coal mine site.
HOW CAN I FIND OUT HOW MUCH COAL I HAVE ON MY PROPERTY?
Do you own the mineral rights? In Kentucky, ownership of property may be separated into surface rights, timber rights, mineral rights, etc. If you do not own coal mineral rights, then you do not own the coal on your property. On the other hand, you may have mineral rights to coal on someone else's property. You should know the type of ownership you have before you proceed any further. Estimating tons of coal on a property, this is the complicated part. Most people would hire a registered consulting geologist or registered mining engineer for this. The process is explained here, in simplified terms. Each step is done separately for each of the coal beds under consideration. The first step is to gather as much coal thickness information as possible for the target coal bed. Information may be obtained from the Kentucky Geological Survey Coal Thickness Data Base, KGS Borehole Data Base, files of local coal companies, and neighbors and by examining outcrops, digging out the coal, and possibly drilling boreholes (drilling can be paid for by interested companies). After coal thickness data are gathered, a map showing coal thickness trends (isopach map) is constructed for the target bed. Property lines and the target coal-bed outcrop lines are added to the map. Next, the area for each thickness class must be measured (generally in acres). This process is called planimetry. Planimetry measures the area of the property. With the area and thickness known, a volume of coal can be calculated, and from this volume, a total tonnage can be derived. Planimetry can be done by hand using several methods, but the most accurate is with a mechanical device called a planimeter. Planimetry can also be done accurately by a computer using special software. From the calculated areas and the projected thickness trends, a gross reserve estimate can be calculated.
The gross reserve estimate is a volume calculation based on a conversion factor for bituminous coal, of 1,800 tons for every acre for every foot of coal. To estimate the tons of bituminous coal on a property, the formula is:
Acres x Coal thickness x 1,800 tons/acre-foot = Tons of coal on your property
THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SURFACE MINING
Strip and auger mining are the two most common surface methods of extracting coal in the United States. Open-pit mining is sometimes used in thick shallow-lying western coal seams.
Acres = the number of acres underlain by a coal bed
Coal thickness = the average coal thickness in decimal feet for that area underlain by coal
For example: If you have 5 acres of property underlain by a coal bed, and the coal bed thickness is 2.5 ft. then,
5 x 2.5 x 1,800=22,500 tons of coal
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